Glossary

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A

  • adoration
  • Ars Celebrandi The fruit of faithful adherence to the liturgical norms in all their richness; Involves
    1. Fidelity to the texts and rubrics of the Church
    2. Prayerful understanding of the liturgical texts, feasts and seasons
    3. Reverent sense of the ministers and assembly engaging in an exchange, which is the dialogue of the Father and the Son in the Holy Spirit
    4. Proper preparation for celebrating the liturgy USCCB
  • aspiration

B

belief

Benediction

  • a Eucharistic devotion in which the Blessed Sacrament is exposed in a monstrance and we are blessed with it. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray

blessing

  • a prayer calling on God to bestow gifts on a person or to ask God to mark a certain object or place, such as a house, with favor and divine protection; can also set apart a place or object as a means of grace, for example rosaries are blessed; can mean the act of God bestowing grace andJavors, as when we say that God blesses us; 4) We can bless God, which means to praise God. canticle: a sung prayer. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray

C

  • centering prayer
    • a silent prayer that focuses on God dwelling in the center of us. When attention wanders away from God, we use a word or phrase to come back to God. In essence, centering prayer is resting in God, enjoying God's presence. See page 58. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • chaplet

church

  • (latin ecclesia, from the Greek ekk-ka-lein, to "call out of" means a convocation or an assembly. It designates the assemblies of the people, usually for a religious purpose. Ekklesia is used frequently in the Greek Old Testament for the assembly of Chosen People befor God, above all for their assembly on Mount Sinai where Israel received the law and was established by God as his holy people. (CCC 751)
  • common good: "the sum total of social conditions which allow people, either as groups or as individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily" GS 26
  • communal prayer
  • contemplation
    • the highest form of prayer, a prayer without words. We are totally rapt in God's presence. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray

conscience

  • ... refers to a sanction higher than the self and implies the existence of One to whom we are responsible, and before whom we stand guilty and ashamed when we have acted against its bidding. Conscience therefore impresses on the imagination the idea of a sovereign lawgiver to whom we must render and account of our behavior. source: Dulles, Avery. Newman (from Outstanding Christian Thinkers Series), NY: Continuum, 2002. p.50.
  • consolation "By consolation he [Ignatius] means not only feelings that cause a soul to be "inflamed with love" for god... but also "every increase in hope, faith, charity, and every interior joy which calls and attracts one toward heavenly things and to the salvation of one's soul, by bringing it tranquility and peace in its Creator and Lord". Opposite - desolation source: The Jesuit Guide to (Almost) Everything

creationism

  • Latin: creatio = making, producing: the idea that God himself by his direct action created the world all at once, as if the book of Genesis were an eyewitness account. Source: YOUCAT[42]
  • contrition
  • Cosmology' "In short, a cosmology is how human persons experience themselves in relation to the cosmos. It is the lens through which reality is viewed and interpreted. A cosmology tells you how things are in reality, what really matters, and provides the foundation for core values, belief systems, and moral norms. A cosmology gives a community meaning and purpose.” Source: Worship and the new cosmology : liturgical and theological challenges, Vincie, Catherine

creed

  • An official profession of faith, usually prepared and presented by a council of the Church and used in the Church's liturgy. Based on the Latin credo, meaning "I believe," the two most familiar Catholic Creeds ar the Apostles; Creed and the Nicene Creed. source: The Catholic Faith Handbook for Youth
  • Catholic Encyclopedia

D

deism

divine office

dualism

E

  • Eucharistic devotions
    • special prayers in honor of the Blessed Sacrament, such as visits to the Blessed Sacrament and Benediction. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • examination of conscience
    • a review of our life to notice where we have cooperated with God's grace and where we haven't. It is part of preparation for the sacrament of Reconciliation and recommended to be made each night. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • ex opere operato - if you merely say the correct words using the proper elements, then the sacrament was automatically effected.
  • ex nihilo - out of nothing. As in how God created the universe
  • exposition

F

faith

  • Faith is man's response to God, who reveals himself and gives himself to man, at the samed time bring man to a superabundant light as as he searches for the ultimate meaning of his life. CCC paragraph 26
  • In general, the belief in the existence of God. For Christians, the gift of God by which one freely accepts God's full Revelation in Jesus Christ. It is a matter of both the head (acceptance of Church teaching regarding the revelation of God) and the heart (love of God and neighbor as a response to God's first loving us); also, one of the theological virtues. source: The Catholic Faith Handbook for Youth
  • CE

fideism

G

  • grace before/after meals
    • In grace before meals we ask God to bless us and the food we are about to eat. In grace after meals we thank God for our food. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray

H

  • Hermeneutical theology - emerged in the 1960s in response to systematic theology, emphasizing the particularities of time and place in theological formulation, and calling for the rethinking of classical theological formulations. Source: Wiley online
  • holy hour

I

  • Indifference In the context of Ignatian spirituality; "undetermined to one thing or option rather than another; impartial; unbiased; with decision suspended until the reasons for a wise choice are learned; still undecided." A quote from George E. Ganss, S.J. from the book The Jesuit Guide to (Almost) Everything. - The first step in decision making.
  • indulgence
    • the canceling of the debt of satisfaction owed for sin by certain prayers or practices. It can be partial or plenary (complete). Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • intention
    • in prayer, it is some cause for which we offer intercessory prayer, such as world peace. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • intercessory prayer
    • we ask for something on behalf of another person. Jesus is our intercessor because he constantly prays to the Father for us. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray

inter alia

  • Among other things. used in reference to determining the intention of the sacred writers

J

  • Jesus prayer
    • "Lord Jesus, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner." It is repeated over and over and can be synchronized with breathing. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • journaling
    • writing one's thoughts and prayers, sometimes daily. This practice makes us more reflective and can produce a richer prayer life. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray

L

  • labyrinth
    • a circular path that leads to the center of a circle. As we walk the labyrinth, we pray on the way to the center, which stands for God, and on the way out into the world again. See page 60. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • lectio divina
    • sacred reading, a method of prayer that leads to union with God in contemplation. The four steps are:
      1. read a passage and stop when a word or phrase catches your attention,
      2. reflect on your "word,"
      3. respond to God in prayer, and
      4. rest in the presence of God. See page 51. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • Lex Orandi, Lex Credendi A Latin maxim that addresses the centrality of worship in the life, identity and mission of the Church; The phrase in Latin literally means the law of prayer ("the way we worship"), and the law of belief ("what we believe"). It is sometimes written as, "lex orandi, lex credendi, lex vivendi", further deepening the implications of this truth - how we worship reflects what we believe and determines how we will live. The law of prayer or worship is the law of life. Or, even more popularly rendered, as we worship, so will we live...and as we worship, so will we become! [http://www.catholic.org/featured/headline.php?ID=2367 Catholic On-line
  • litany
  • Liberation theology
    • has been described as "an interpretation of Christian faith out of the experience of the poor...an attempt to read the Bible and key Christian doctrines with the eyes of the poor" source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberation_theology
    • Liberation theology also shares three common perspectives on the experience of God in history. First is the biblical promise of liberation. God is the one who sets people free, and the Gospel announces the good news of liberation. God is biased toward the marginal people—the have-nots, the oppressed, the hurt, the out- siders. Christ has set and is setting the captives free. Second, life is understood as centered in history and is changing and changeable. That is, life is s a series of events moving the world in the direction God intends. Liberation theology asserts that we have hope because we have a memory of God's past acts in history; and we have purpose because God has given us a vision of the future God intends. Third, salvation is a social event in the present, not an escape from history but an engagement within history. Source: Will Our Children Have Faith, Westerhoff
  • Liturgical Theology Liturgy is the celebration of a sacramental reality, the fruit of which is theology. Liturgical theology is fundamentally the paschal mysteries ritually displayed, and derivatively the elucidation of what is celebrated in the Divine Liturgy. This law of prayer, epiphanized and elucidated, establishes the law of belief because lex credendi is describing what the ekklesia witnesses in lex orandi. (Fagerberg p. 227)

liturgy

  • the public worship of the Church: the Eucharist, the sacraments, and the Divine Office. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • CE A Greek composite word meaning originally a public duty, a service to the state undertaken by a citizen
  • Originally meant a "public work" or a "service" in the name of/on behalf of the people". In the Christian tradition, it means the participation of the People of God in the "work of God". Through the liturgy Christ, our Redeemer and high priest, continues the work of our redemption in, with, and through his church.
  • Liturgy is an act of theology, an act whereby the believing Church addresses God, enters into a dialogue with God, makes statements about its belief in God and symbolizes this belief through a variety of means including creation, words, manufactured objects, ritual gestures and actions. Context and Text: Method in Liturgical Theology.
  • Liturgy of the Hours

M

Magisterium

  • CE
  • mantra
  • May crowning
    • a Marian devotion in which a statue of Mary is crowned. This usually occurs in May because it is her month. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • meditation
  • mental prayer
    • prayer that occurs silently in our minds as opposed to vocal prayer, which is said out loud. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray

monotheism

N

  • novena
    • praying a prayer for nine consecutive days or nine hours. The practice is derived from the nine days that Mary and the disciples prayed waiting for the Holy Spirit to come

at Pentecost. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray

O

  • O-antiphons
    • nine short prayers that invoke Christ using Old Testament titles. They are prayed in the liturgy on the days right before Christmas. See page 97. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • octave

P

pantheism

  • CE
  • petition
    • prayer asking God for something such as healing, a safe journey, or forgiveness. Jesus encouraged this kind of prayer. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • Philology is the study of language in written historical sources; it is a combination of literary criticism, history, and linguistics. It is more commonly defined as the study of literary texts and written records, the establishment of their authenticity and their original form, and the determination of their meaning. source: wikipedia
  • pilgrimage
  • prayer service
    • a celebration with a religious theme that incorporates Scripture, prayers, quiet time for reflection, and hymns. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • procession
    • walking in honor of God usually within a liturgical or devotional service. For example, there are processions within the Mass, and on Good Friday people may process outside with a cross or statue of Christ. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • Prayer of Christians
    • also called the Liturgy of the Hours and the Divine Office, the official daily prayer of the Church in which the entire day is sanctified. Priests and some religious are obliged to pray it, and all Christians are invited to pray it. There are seven times or hours when these prayers are prayed. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • Protoevangelion
  • psalms
    • the 150 prayer-songs in the Bible's Book of Psalms. They are the Jewish prayer book, and have been adopted by Christians. The psalms, which are Hebrew poetry, express the whole gamut of stances we have toward God: praise, lament, contrition, and thanksgiving. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray

R

  • Raccolta
    • a book that is collection of indulgenced Catholic prayers and practices. It was last published in Rome in 1898. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray

rationalism

CE

reason

  • The natural ability human beings have to know and understand the truth. source: The Catholic Faith Handbook for Youth
  • retreat
    • a period of time when we withdraw from everyday life and activities to focus on God and our relationship with God. A retreat can be a half day or as long as thirty days. Usually it has various prayer activities, including time for quiet prayer, talks by a retreat director, the celebration of the Eucharist, and the sacrament of Penance. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray

rosary

  • a Marian prayer in which we meditate on mysteries in the life of Christ while praying Our Fathers, Hail Marys, and Glory Bes on a circle of beads. Mary asked us to pray the rosary in her appearances at Lourdes and Fatima. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • CE

S

  • sacramental
    • a blessing or an object that has been blessed and whose use brings graces through the merits of Jesus and the prayers of the Church. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray

sacramentality

  • Sacramentality means God clothing the spiritual with the sensible to make it accessible to humanity. * The Catholic Vision Edward D. O'Connor, C.S.C
  • Sacramentality is based on the belief that in the goodness of creation and the engagement of humans in the act of honoring God and in growing in sanctification through the celebration of (sacramental) liturgy. Sacramentality is also based on the value of human labor and productivity (see chapter 12). While on the one hand the act of liturgy takes us out of the every day world in order to worship God in a ritualized way, on the other either directly from creation or from "the work of human hands"; therefore the act of liturgy engages us to see the world and all that dwells in it as revelations of the glory of God. Sacramentality is a worldview, a way of looking at life, a way of thinking and acting in the world that values and reveres the world. Sacramentality acts as a prism, a theological lens through which we view creation and all that is on this good earth as as revelations s of G presence and action among us here and now. The premise The premise of sacra- mentality means that in fact we do not live in "two different worlds," the sacred and the secular, but that we live in one graced world named "good" by God in Genesis 1:3. At the same time, this principle admits that there are moments of particular sacrality in the liturgy that enable as to experience the divine in the human and on this good earth by the use of things and actions from daily life, such as dining and bathing, to worship God. Sacramentality is a worldview that invites us to be immersed fully in the here and now, on this good earth, and not to shun matter or avoid the challenges that such earthiness will require of us, even as we pray through liturgy and sacraments (and other means) to enter into heaven when this earthly pilgrimage has ended. The sacraments : historical foundation and liturgical theology Irwin p. 210)
  • scapular - an indulgenced sacramental, two small pieces of cloth connected by strings that are worn around the neck. It shows devotion, usually to Our Lady, and is worn continually. After a person has been invested in a cloth scapular by a priest, a scapular medal may be substituted for it. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • Socialization: To promote the participation of the greatest number on the life of a society, the creation of voluntary associations and institutions... which relate to economic and social goals to cultural and recreational activities, to sport, to various professions, and to political affairs. ...also expresses the natural tendency for human beings to associate with one another for the sake of attaining objectives that exceed individual capabilities. CCC 1882
  • sedulous - (of a person or action) showing dedication and diligence. Term used in Christus Domnius (14) "Bishops should take pains that catechetical instruction-which is intended to make the faith, as illumined by teaching, a vital, explicit and effective force in the lives of men-be given with sedulous care to both children and adolescents, youths and adults.
  • society A society is a group of persons bound together organically by a principle of unity that goes beyond each of them. CCC 1880
  • Stations of the Cross
    • Way of the Cross a devotion in which we remember Jesus' passion as we walk from station to station and pray. Each of the fourteen stations has a cross and art depicting one event of the passion. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • spiritual bouquet
    • a gift of prayers and good works. It usually lists the numbers of prayer and good works that are being offered for the recipient. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray

Spirituality

The amalgam of the positive emotions that bind us to other human beings - and to our experience of "God" as we may understand Her/Him. Love, hope, joy, forgiveness, compassion, faith, awe, and gratitude are the spiritually important positive emotions"

  • spontaneous prayer
    • informal prayer, vocal prayer that is not written down, prayed by rote using a formula prayer, or rehearsed. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • subsidiarity: a community of a higher order should not interfere in the internal life of a community of a lower order, depriving the latter of its functions , but rather should support it in case of need and help to co-ordinate its activity with the activities of the rest of society, always with a view of the common good. CA 48 4

T

  • Taize prayer
    • the Taize method of praying originated with an ecumenical community of monks in Taize, France. It mainly consists of chanting short prayers over and over alternating with periods of quiet prayer.

thanksgiving: a main purpose of prayer. We express our gratitude to God for all his loving acts of creation and redemption. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray

triduum

  • three days of prayer, such as the Holy Week Triduum of Holy Thursday, Good Friday, and Holy Saturday/Easter Sunday. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • The The three days from Holy Thursday evening until Easter Sunday evening are known as the Triduum (a ,atin word meaning three days.

Trinity

  • Latin: trinitas = the state of being threefold: God is only one one, but he exists in three persons. This is an unfathomable mystery.
  • The Doctrine of the Trinity includes three truths of faith
    • First, the trinity is one. We don not speak of three Gods but of one God. Each of the Persons is fully God. They are a unity of Persons in one divine nature.
    • Second, the Divine Persons are distinct from each other. Father, Son, and Spirit are not three appearances, or modes of God, but three identifiable persons, each fully God in a way distinct from the others.
    • Third, the Divine Persons are in relation to each other. The distinction of each is understood only in reference to the others. Father cannot be the father without the Son, nor can the Son be the Son without the Father. The Holy Spirit is related to the Father and the Son and both send Him forth. Source: US Catholic Catechism for Adults
    • CE
  • typology

V

  • veneration of a relic
    • relics are parts of a saint's body, something a saint has used, or material that has been touched to a saint. These are displayed in a case called a reliquary and people may venerate them in a ritual of prayer. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray
  • Viaticum
  • vigil light
    • votive candle, a candle that is lit for an intention. A prayer is said and a donation is made. The flame represents the prayer rising to heaven. Source: The Catholic Way to Pray

virtue

  • A good habit, one that creates within us a kind of inner readiness or attraction to move toward or accomplish moral good. The theological virtues are faith, hope and love. source: The Catholic Faith Handbook for Youth
  • Taken in its widest sense virtue means the excellence of perfection of a thing - CE
  • vocal prayer

vocation

  • From the Latin vocare: to call The calling from God to follow a particular way of life. The Second Vatican Council, in Lumen Gentium and Gaudium et Spes, emphasized the universal call to holiness, that general call of God to all the baptized to a life of grace and union with Him; this is the call that gives human life its destiny and meaning. source: [[1]]
  • A call from God to all members of the Church to embrace a life of holiness. Specifically, it refers to a call to live the holy life as an ordained minister, as a vowed religious (sister or brother), in a Christian marriage, or in a single life. source: The Catholic Faith Handbook for Youth
  • What is a vocation